“In 1927, Archer M. Huntington, founder of the Hispanic Society of America established an endowment fund in his name, the first of several important donations for Hispanic studies at the Library of Congress. The second “area studies division” to be founded by the Library, in 1939 the Hispanic Division was established to acquire Luso-Hispanic materials in a systematic fashion. In that same year, the division’s reading room, The “Hispanic Society Reading Room,” named after the New York Hispanic Society of America, was inaugurated to service the Library’s growing Luso-Hispanic collections.
Although primary emphasis has always been the acquisition of current materials and government documents the Hispanic Division has also acquired a rich collection of rare items. The Division was instrumental in acquiring significant gifts of manuscripts, music scores, and posters, photographs and films. It made efforts to develop special groups of materials such as collecting folk music from San Antonio, Texas, and pioneering the recording of Hispanic poets.
Through the generosity of countless donors, the Library of Congress has amassed the world’s finest collection on the history and culture of Latin America, Iberia, and the Caribbean.”