Member of U.S. Congress: Joseph Marion Hernandez, 1822, delegate from Florida territory
U.S. representative: Romualdo Pacheco, from California, elected in 1876 by a one-vote margin.
U.S. senator: Octaviano Larrazolo was elected in 1928 to finish the term of New Mexico senator Andieus Jones, who had died in office. The first Hispanic senator to serve an entire term was Dennis Chavez, of New Mexico, who served from 1935 through 1962.
U.S. treasurer: Romana Acosta Bañuelos, 1971-74U.S. cabinet member: Lauro F. Cavazos, 1988-90, secretary of education
U.S. surgeon general: Antonia Coello Novello, 1990-93. She was also the first woman to hold the position.
U.S. secretary of transportation: Federico Peña, 1993U.S. secretary of housing and urban development: Henry Cisneros, 1993
U.S. attorney general: Alberto Gonzales, 2005
Flying ace: Col. Manuel J. Fernández Jr., who flew 125 combat missions in the Korean War
Medal of Honor recipient: Philip Bazaar, a Chilean member of the U.S. Navy, for bravery during the Civil War.
Admiral, U.S. Navy: David G. Farragut. In 1866, he became the first U.S. naval officer ever to be awarded the rank of admiral. The first Hispanic American to become a four-star admiral was Horacio Rivero of Puerto Rico, in 1964.
General, U.S. Army: Richard E. Cavazos, 1976. In 1982, he became the Army’s first Hispanic four-star general.
Secretary of the Navy: Edward Hidalgo, 1979
Science and medicine
Astronaut: Franklin Chang-Diaz, 1986. The first female Hispanic astronaut was Ellen Ochoa, whose first of four shuttle missions was in 1991.
Nobel Prize in physics: Luiz Walter Alvarez, 1968, for discoveries about subatomic particles
Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine: Severo Ochoa, 1959, for the synthesis of ribonucleic acid
Novel in English, written and published in U.S.: María Amparo Ruiz de Burton, 1872, for “Who Would Have Thought It?”
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Oscar Hijuelos, 1990, for “The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love”
Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Nilo Cruz, 2003, for “Anna in the Tropics”
Opera diva: Lucrezia Bori, 1912, debuted at the Metropolitan Opera
Rock star: Richie Valens, 1958
Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inductee: Carlos Santana, 1998
Oscar, Best Actor: Jose Ferrer, 1950, “Cyrano de Bergerac”
Oscar, Best Supporting Actress: Rita Moreno, 1961, “West Side Story”
Oscar, Best Supporting Actor: Benecio Del Toro, 2000, “Traffic”
Hollywood director: Raoul Walsh, 1914, “The Life of General Villa”
Matinee idol: Ramón Navarro, 1923, “The Prisoner of Zenda”
Leading lady: Dolores del Rio, 1925, “Joanne”
Tony, Best Director: Jose Quintero, 1973
Tony, Best Supporting Actress: Rita Moreno, 1975, “The Ritz.” In 1977, Moreno became the first Hispanic American to have won an Oscar, Grammy, Tony, and Emmy.
Star of a network television show: Desi Arnaz, 1952, “I Love Lucy”
Broadcaster of the Year: Geraldo Rivera, 1971.
Major league player: Esteban Bellán, 1871, Troy Haymakers
World Series player: Adolfo “Dolf” Luque, 1919, relief pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds
All-Star Game player: Alfonso “Chico” Carrasquel, 1951, starting shortstop for the American League
Rookie of the Year: Luis Aparicio, 1956, shortstop, Chicago White Sox
No-hitter: Juan Marichal, June 15, 1963, for the San Francisco Giants, against the Houston Colt .45s
Hall of Fame inductee: Roberto Clemente, 1973
Team owner: Arturo “Arte” Moreno, 2003, bought the Anaheim Angels, becoming the first Hispanic owner of any major U.S. sports franchise.
Grand Slam championship winner: Richard “Pancho” González, 1948
Starting NFL quarterback: Jim Plunkett, 1971
Football Hall of Fame inductee: Anthony Muñoz, 1998
LPGA Hall of Fame inductee: Nancy Lopez, 1987. In 1978, she became the first player to have won the the Rookie of the Year Award, Player of the Year Award and Vare Trophy in the same season.
Heavyweight boxing champ: John Ruiz, 2001
NHL first-round draft pick: Scott Gomez, 1998
Supermodel: Christy Turlington.
Labor leader: Juan Gómez, 1883. First female Hispanic labor leader of note was Lucy González Parsons, 1886
Entertainer on the cover of TIME magazine: Joan Baez, 1962
Source: Pearson Education Inc.
©Times Community Newspapers 2006